Memory Care: The relationship between poor sleep and dementia.

by Garden of Palms

Memory Care: The relationship between poor sleep and dementia.

Sleep is necessary for the health and wellbeing of humans and other living beings. It is the time when the body rests and attempts to do its repairs and induces growth. There are two processes that moderate sleep. One is a homeostatic process. It is also known as sleep drive. The other is the circadian system. The circadian system refers a biological process that cycles in every 24 hours. This can be thought of as an internal clock in the body. The hypothalamus regulates the sleep and wake cycles in an individual. This process can be interfered due to diseases and disorders in the nervous system causing problems with sleep.

Memory Care: The relationship between poor sleep and dementia.

 

It’s common for senior living professionals to emphasize the finer points of an active retirement lifestyle. This is certainly a healthy cornerstone of a balanced senior lifestyle, yet the importance of healthy sleeping habits is often overlooked. Because memory issues are known to be present in a significant number of older adults, it’s natural to examine the relationship between sleeping habits and dementia.

 

Sleep studies.

Multitudes of studies have been able to document the changes and decline in sleep as an individual ages. With age, the overall quality and quantity of sleep will be degraded due to various changes in homeostasis and in the circadian rhythm. Older people generally find it difficult to fall asleep and once they manage to do so, they often times find sleep unsatisfactory and fragmented. They will wake up much more during sleep and also wake up earlier. The amount of time spent on deep sleep is also significantly reduced in elders.

Sleep plays a vital role in the development of the brain and in the proper functioning of cognition which includes memory formation and learning.  According to evidence from conducted research, it is realized that new learnings and newly obtained skills are integrated during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. In addition, a relationship between neurotransmitter activity and REM sleep has also been established. This may provide evidence or provide predictions regarding the impact that declined sleep has on the cognitive function of elders.

 

Sleep deprivation can create downstream memory issues.

Sleep deprivation can result in disruption of neuronal pathways and can lead to neurological diseases. Studies conducted on normal subjects concluded that sleep deprivation can lead to impairment of working memory and attention. In addition, sleep disturbances and disorders can cause cognitive impairment. It also has the potential risk of development of dementia. Prospective studies and observational and experimental studies point towards evidence that state poor sleep can cause significant cognitive decline and development of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. Another study conducted on Japanese and American men without dementia concluded that those with excessive daytime sleepiness are twice as likely to be diagnosed with dementia.

Yet another reason to focus on healthy sleeping routines.

Therefore it becomes increasingly important to manage sleep and have the proper amounts of sleep in order to maintain cognitive health and avoid health risks such as dementia. Engaging in exercise regularly, staying away from electronic devices and switching them off a few hours before sleep as well as paying more attention and importance to sleep will go a long way in promoting better sleep and thereby improve overall cognitive wellbeing.

 

Senior living community with memory care options in Los Angeles, CA

If you’re searching for a senior living community in the Los Angeles area for a family member who may be experiencing symptoms of memory loss, please contact us to arrange a tour of our senior living community or to request more information.

 

References

Bliwise DL. Normal Aging. Forth ed Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; (2005). p. 24–38.

Pace-Schott EF, Spencer RM. Age-related changes in the cognitive function of sleep. Prog Brain Res (2011) 191:75–89.10.1016/B978-0-444-53752-2.00012-6

 

Miller MA, Wright H, Hough J, Cappuccio FP. Sleep and cognition. In: Idzikowski C, editor. , editor. Sleep and its Disorders Affect Society. InTech; (2014). p. 3–28.10.5772/58735

 

Spruyt K, Gozal D. Sleep in children: the evolving challenge of catching enough and quality Zzz’s. First ed In: Cappuccio FP, Miller MA, Lockley SW, editors. , editors. Sleep, Health, and Society from Aetiology to Public Health. Oxford: Oxford University Press; (2010). p. 215–38.

 

Karni A, Tanne D, Rubenstein BS, Askenasy JJ, Sagi D. Dependence on REM sleep of overnight improvement of a perceptual skill. Science (1994) 265(5172):679–82.10.1126/science.8036518

 

Foley D, Monjan A, Masaki K, Ross W, Havlik R, White L, et al. Daytime sleepiness is associated with 3-year incident dementia and cognitive decline in older Japanese-American men. J Am Geriatr Soc (2001) 49(12):1628–32.10.1111/j.1532-5415.2001.49271.x